Check the revised course content and exam system

Class 12 CBSE Physics Syllabus 2022-23: The CBSE curriculum performs a serious position in serving to college students put together an efficient examine plan. The Central Board of Secondary Training (CBSE) has launched the revised Class 12 syllabus for the 2022-2023 session. Beneath we now have offered the revised CBSE Class 12 Physics syllabus which college students can learn and obtain in PDF format. This syllabus particulars the course construction for the idea paper and sensible exams. College students ought to observe this final strategy to check chosen chapters and subjects solely and keep away from content material that has been dropped for the present tutorial session.

Try the CBSE Physics Class 12 2022-23 syllabus under:


NCERT Physics Grade 12 e-book

NCERT Options for Class 12 Physics

Unit one: static electrical energy 26 durations

Chapter One: Expenses and Electrical Fields

Electrical fees, cost conservation, Coulomb’s regulation power between double fees, forces between a number of fees; The precept of superposition and steady cost distribution.

Electrical subject, electrical subject brought on by a degree cost, electrical subject strains, electrical dipole, electrical subject brought on by a dipole, torque on a dipole in a uniform electrical subject.

Electrical flux, Gaussian principle assertion and its functions for locating a subject as a consequence of an infinitely lengthy straight wire, a uniformly charged infinite aircraft plate and a uniformly charged skinny spherical shell (the sector inside and outdoors).

Chapter Two: Electrostatic Voltage and Capacitance

potential, potential distinction, potential as a consequence of level cost, dipole and system of fees; Equipotential surfaces, the potential electrical power of a system of two level fees and an electrical dipole in an electrostatic subject.

Conductors and insulators, free fees and restricted fees throughout the conductor. Dielectrics and electrolytic polarity Capacitors and capacitors Sequence and parallel capacitors group Parallel plate capacitor capacitance with or with out dielectric medium between plates Vitality saved in a capacitor (no derivation, formulation solely).

Module Two: Present Electrical energy (18 Intervals)

Chapter Three: Present Electrical energy

Electrical present, movement of electrical fees in a metallic conductor, drift velocity, mobility and their relationship to electrical present; Ohm’s regulation, Sixth properties (linear and non-linear), Electrical power and power, Electrical resistance and conductivity, Dependence of resistance on temperature, Inside resistance of a cell, Potential distinction and emf of a cell, Mixture of cells in sequence and parallel, Kirchhoff’s guidelines, Wheatstone bridge.

Module Three: Magnetic Results of Present and Magnetism (25 Intervals)

Chapter 4: Transferring and Magnetic Expenses

The idea of a magnetic subject, Oersted’s experiment.

Biot – Savart’s regulation and its utility to the current-carrying ring.

Ampere’s regulation and its functions to an infinitely lengthy straight wire. Straight solenoid (qualitative processing solely), power on a shifting cost in uniform magnetic and electrical fields.

power on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic subject, power between two parallel current-carrying conductors – definition of amperes, torque to which a loop of present is subjected to in a uniform magnetic subject; Present loop as magnetic dipole and magnetic dipole second, shifting coil galvanometer strikes for present sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.

Chapter 5: Magnetism and Matter

Magnetic bar, magnetic bar as an equal solenoid (qualitative processing solely), magnetic subject power as a consequence of magnetic dipole (magnetic bar) alongside its axis and perpendicular to its axis (qualitative processing solely), torque on magnetic dipole (magnetic bar) in a magnetic subject Uniform (qualitative processing solely), magnetic subject strains.

Magnetic properties of supplies – semi, ferromagnetic and ferromagnetic supplies with examples, magnetization of supplies, impact of temperature on magnetic properties.

Module 4: Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents (24 Intervals)

Chapter Six: Electromagnetic Induction

Electromagnetic induction Faraday’s legal guidelines, induced EMF and present; Lenz’s Legislation, Topic and Mutual Induction.

Chapter Seven: Alternating Present

Alternating currents, peak and RMS worth of the alternating present/voltage; Impedance and resistance. LCR sequence circuit (phases solely), resonance, energy in AC circuits, energy issue, non-wattage present. AC generator, transformer.

Module 5: Electromagnetic waves (04 durations)

Chapter Eight: Electromagnetic Waves

The essential thought of ​​a displacement present, electromagnetic waves, their properties, their episodic nature (solely qualitative thought). Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, seen, ultraviolet, X-rays, gamma rays) together with elementary info about their makes use of.

Module 6: Optics (30 durations)

Chapter 9: Radiological Optics and Optical Gadgets

Ray optics: gentle reflection, spherical mirrors, mirror system, gentle refraction, whole inside reflection and optical fibers, refraction on spherical surfaces, lenses, skinny lens system, lens maker system, magnification, lens energy, mixture of skinny lenses on contact, refraction of sunshine via a prism .

Optical gadgets: Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.

Chapter 10: Wave Optics

Wave Optics: Wave Introduction and Huygen’s Precept, Reflection and refraction of a planar wave on a aircraft utilizing wave fronts. Proof of the legal guidelines of reflection and refraction utilizing Huygen’s precept. Interference, Younger’s double-slit experiment and fringe width expression (no closing expression for derivation solely), coherent sources and steady interference of sunshine, diffraction as a consequence of single slit, central most width (qualitative processing solely).

Module 7: The Twin Nature of Radiation and Matter (08 durations)

Chapter Eleven: The Twin Nature of Radiation and Matter

The twin nature of radiation, the photoelectric impact, observations of Hertz and Lenard; Einstein’s photoelectric equation – the particle nature of sunshine.

Experimental examine of the photoelectric impact

The character of waves and waves for particles, de Broglie relationship.

Unit 8: Atoms and Nuclei (15 durations)

Chapter Twelve: Atoms

alpha particle scattering experiment; Rutherford’s atom mannequin; Bohr’s mannequin of the hydrogen atom, expression of the orbital potential n-radius, velocity and power of an electron in its orbit, hydrogen line spectra (qualitative remedy solely).

Chapter 13: The Nuwat

The composition and measurement of the nucleus, nuclear power

mass-energy relationship, mass defect; The binding power of every nucleus and its change by the variety of lots; Nuclear fission, nuclear fusion.

Module 9: Digital gadgets (10 durations)

Chapter Fourteen: Semiconductor Electronics: Supplies, Gadgets, and Easy Circuits

Vitality bands in conductors, semiconductors and insulators (qualitative concepts solely) Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors – p and n sort, pn junction

Semiconductor Diode – Traits of IV in ahead and reverse bias, utility of a junction diode as a rectifier.

CBSE Grade 12 Sensible Physics programs (60 phrases whole)

  • The report that college students will submit on the time of the annual examination should embrace: Report a minimum of 8 trials [with 4 from each section]to be carried out by the scholars.
  • Report a minimum of 6 actions [with 3 each from section A and section B]to be carried out by the scholars.
  • Undertaking report carried out by the scholars.

Sensible evaluation scheme:

Part A


1. To find out the resistance of two wires / three wires by plotting a graph of the distinction of voltage versus present. 2. To search out the resistance of a given wire/customary resistor utilizing a bridge meter. 3. To verify the resistance group (sequence) legal guidelines utilizing a bridge meter. Or to verify the (parallel) summation legal guidelines of resistors utilizing a meter bridge. 4. To find out the resistance of the galvanometer by the half-skew technique and discover the character of its galvanometer. 5. To transform the required galvanometer (of recognized resistance and type of advantage) to a voltmeter of the required vary and verify it. or to transform the required galvanometer (of recognized resistance and type of advantage) to an ammeter of the required vary and verify it. 6. To search out the frequency of alternating present with an audio meter.


1. To measure the impedance and resistance of an inductor with or with out an iron core. 2. To measure resistance, voltage (AC / DC) and present (AC) and verify the continuity of a given circuit utilizing a multimeter. 3. To assemble a family circuit of three bulbs, three switches (on / off), a fuse and an influence provide. 4. To assemble parts of a selected electrical circuit. 5. To review the variation in voltage drop with wire size for a relentless present. 6. To plot a given open circuit diagram comprising a minimum of a battery, a resistor/rheostat, a swap, an ammeter and a voltmeter. Choose the unconnected parts within the right order and proper the circuit in addition to the circuit diagram.

oath b


1. To search out the worth of v for various values ​​of u within the case of a concave mirror and to search out the focal size. 2. To search out the focal size of a convex mirror utilizing a convex lens. 3. To search out the focal size of a convex lens by drawing graphs between u and v or between 1/u and 1/v. 4. To search out the focal size of a concave lens utilizing a convex lens. 5. To find out the minimal deflection angle for a given prism by drawing a graph between the angle of incidence and the angle of deflection. 6. To find out the refractive index of a plate glass utilizing a shifting microscope. 7. To search out the refractive index of a liquid utilizing a convex lens and a aircraft mirror. 8. To search out the refractive index of a liquid utilizing a concave mirror and a aircraft mirror. 9. To plot the attribute IV curve of a pn-junction diode in ahead and reverse bias. Actions 1. To pick out a diode, an LED, a resistor, and a capacitor from a combined group of those. 2. Use a multimeter to search out out the unidirectional movement of present within the case of a diode and a valve and verify whether or not an digital element (reminiscent of a diode) is working or not. 3. To review the impact of sunshine depth (by altering the space of the supply) on the LDR. 4. Observe the refraction and lateral deflection of a beam of sunshine falling not directly on a glass plate. 5. To look at the deflection of sunshine because of the skinny slit. 6. To review the character and measurement of the picture consisting of (1) a convex lens, or (2) a concave mirror, on a display screen utilizing a candle and a display screen (totally different distances of the candle from the lens/mirror). 7. To acquire a lens group with the required focal size utilizing two lenses from the required lens group. Recommend investigation


1. To review the varied elements on which the inner resistance / electromagnetic fields of a cell relies upon. 2. To review modifications within the present flowing in a circuit containing an LDR as a consequence of a distinction in (a) the facility of an incandescent lamp, used to “gentle up” the LDR (maintaining all lamps at a relentless distance). (b) The space of the incandescent lamp (of fixed energy) used to light up the LDR. 3. To search out the refractive indices of (a) water (b) oil (clear) utilizing a aircraft mirror, a convex lens (product of glass with a recognized refractive index) and an adjustable physique needle. 4. To look at the connection between the ratio of (1) the output and enter voltage and (2) the variety of turns within the secondary winding and the first winding of a self-designed transformer. 5. To verify the dependence of the angle of deflection on the angle of incidence utilizing a hole prism stuffed one after the other with totally different clear fluids. 6. To estimate the cost induced on every of two equivalent styrofoam spheres (or core) suspended in a vertical aircraft by making use of Coulomb’s regulation. 7. To review the issue on which the self-inductance of a coil relies upon by observing the impact of this coil, when positioned in sequence with a resistor / (bulb) in a circuit fed by an alternating present supply with an adjustable frequency. 8. Learning the magnetic subject of the Earth utilizing the magnetic compass needle by drawing the strains of the magnetic subject and the tangent galvanometer.

Prescribed books:

1. Physics, Chapter Eleven, Elements One and Two, printed by NCERT.

2. Physics, Chapter Twelve, Elements One and Two, printed by NCERT.

3. NCERT Class 12 Physics Laboratory Handbook.

4. Checklist of books and different related guides offered by NCERT (take into account multimedia as nicely).

Word: Content material referenced in NCERT textbooks as excluded for 2022-23 won’t be examined by colleges and won’t be assessed in Council exams 2022-23.

College students also can obtain the complete syllabus in PDF format from the next hyperlink: